Deficit Disorder - ADD
Attention Deficit Disorder, commonly
known as ADD (or ADHD for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a common
diagnosis. Many professionals use the ADD and ADHD terms interchangeably. Nevertheless,
it is often a condition that can be too easily attributed to a lot of children
without a thorough evaluation by the appropriate specialists.
with ADD/ADHD can’t maintain their focus and are impulsive. Children with
inattention are easily distracted, disorganized, have trouble following through,
and of course, they have a hard time paying attention. Hyperactivity means constant
moment, such as fidgeting and not being able to sit still. Impulsivity is a tendency
to act without thinking.
Children with ADD/ADHD often demonstrate other
characteristics such as disorganization, aggressive behavior, daydreaming, ‘dare-devil’
behavior, memory problems and poor co-ordination. One salient feature of ADD/ADHD,
which causes confusion is inconsistency, whereby there are good and bad
days whereby for example, one day a child does all his/her schoolwork and the
next day doesn’t. Children with ADD/ADHD are often isolated from their peers
because of their difficulties, which require a disproportionate amount of attention
from adults. Other children may resent them for taking up so much attention and
disrupting the class. The children themselves often end up lonely and depressed.
A child’s psychologist role in ADHD is three-fold:
Once a child has been diagnosed, a child psychologist
will be able to help the youngster to build up various coping skills, such as
time management, making friends, dealing with feelings, staying focused and practical
skills such as getting ready in the morning. Children with
often attract lots of friends initially because they come across as fun and adventurous.
Nevertheless, their peers often tire of them making it difficult for these children
to maintain the friendship over a significant period of time. All too often children
are medicated, and
is not explained to them, and there is confusion as to why they are taking medication.
Therefore it is important that
is explained to children in a way that is realistic, positive and constructive.
Child Psychologists help children to front the many challenges of .
are tests that measure
such as questionnaires that parents and teachers fill out. The primary concern
in the assessment of a child with
is on documenting strengths and vulnerabilities as they relate to the real life
for the child with .
A thorough developmental history of the child is also important in assessing the
child. In addition, rating forms are also utilized. Cognitive measures,
involving the assessment of abilities, achievements, memory, visual-motor, language,
visual-spatial and socio-emotional skills are all required to answer the possibility
of co-morbid conditions or additional components that tend to make each individual
set of circumstances
The assessment of scholastic achievements
are vitally important. The discrepancy between achievement (IQ) and ability is
relevant, for example, a child may have an average ability but their achievement
in scholastic areas such as reading, may be behind what is expected of them. Tests
of Achievement usually focus on the following: (a) Basic Reading, (b) Math Reasoning,
(c) Spelling, (d) Reading Comprehension, (e) Numerical Operations, (f) Listening
Comprehension, (g) Oral Expression, and (h) Written Expression.
of the child’s emotional status is another important area which needs to
be fully investigated. A child’s perception of themselves is an important
component in the assessment of children with ADD/ADHD.
Program and Behavioural/Training Program
is a perplexing disorder surrounded by controversy, hype and over-diagnosis. Parents
with children suffering from ADD/ADHD experience day to day life as a challenge
filled with constant battles between them and their child. In addition, parents
have concerns about their child taking medication and their child’s emotional
well-being. Parenting and Behavioural Programs typically incorporate a series
of components, that together, form the basis for the development of a complete
and comprehensive behavior management program. If parents and teachers share a
general background of basic principles of behavior they will be in a better position
to deal with behavioral problems, even when faced with “difficult to manage