can take various forms. However, the general features are tension, worry, fear
Separation Anxiety Disorder, occurs
when a youngster experiences excessive anxiety about being separated from their
mother and/or father. Fear of separation from the mother occurs as a normal part
of development in youngster between the ages of eight and fifteen months, and
at this stage it is normal for children to protest against separation. Children
with separation anxiety disorder often cry, cling and have tantrums when separated
from the parent. If they are forced to leave their homes or familiar areas, these
youngsters become tense and fearful. Even at home they are afraid to be left alone.
They almost always have difficulties sleeping alone.
Children with Separation
Anxiety Disorder often have other fears which are irrational i.e. insects, animals.
A common problem associated with Separation Anxiety Disorder is school refusal.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, refers to children
who worry about a lot of different things such as worrying about future events,
past events and generally are anxious about whether others like them etc. They
appear tense and anxious. They also tend to somatisize often and complain of stomachaches,
headaches and other anxiety related symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness,
Youngsters with Generalized Anxiety Disorder are
often irritable, easily fatigued, and have problems with attention and concentration.
Phobic Disorders are diagnosed when
a child has more intense and distressing fears that persist over time. Phobias
can be disabling when the feared object or situation cannot be avoided. Social
phobia, is a fear of being in a situation in which there is a possibility of being
embarrassed or humiliated in front of others which are particularly likely to
interfere with a child’s daily life.
Disorder occurs when a child has a persistent thought, impulse, image, or
idea which seems to be beyond the child’s ability to control. An individual
who suffers from obsessions recognizes that the thoughts are the products of their
own mind and often attempt to suppress them by substituting other thoughts or
actions. Compulsions are repetitive behaviours which the individual feels
driven to perform to reduce the distress accompanying an obsession.